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Why metal is a good conductor?

Why metal is a good conductor?

Metallic bonding causes metals to conduct electricity. In a metallic bond, atoms of the metal are surrounded by a constantly moving “sea of electrons”. This moving sea of electrons enables the metal to conduct electricity and move freely among the ions.

Why metal is a good conductor of heat and electricity?

Metals are good conductors (both of heat and electricity) because at least one electron per atom is free: i.e., it is not tied to any particular atom, but is, instead, able to move freely throughout the metal.

What defines whether a metal is a good conductor?

For a material to be a good conductor, the electricity passed through it must be able to move the electrons; the more free electrons in a metal, the greater its conductivity.

What metal is not a good conductor of electricity?

Tungsten and Bismuth are metals which are poor conductors of electricity. There are many, but some include Aluminum, Bismuth, Gallium, Indium, Lead, Thallium, Tin, Ununhexium, Ununpentium, Ununquadium, and Ununtrium.

Why do metals make the best conductors?

The reason metals make such good conductors of electricity is that the atom forces that hold the outermost electrons in place are very weak . This means these electrons are able to move or flow easily into each other.

Why are metals the better conductors than other solids?

First, let me explain why metals generally conduct heat better than other solids do. In metals, some of the electrons (often one per atom) are not stuck to individual atoms but flow freely among the atoms. Of course, that’s why metals are such good conductors of electricity. Now if one end of a bar is hot, and the other is cold, the electrons on the hot end have a little more thermal energy- random jiggling- than the ones on the cold end.

Why is steel a good thermal conductor?

Steel is higher strength than aluminium which allows for increased mechanical tension to be applied on the conductor. Steel also has lower elastic and inelastic deformation (permanent elongation) due to mechanical loading (e.g. wind and ice) as well as a lower coefficient of thermal expansion under current loading.

Why does a metal have good conductivity?

Metals conduct electricity because they have “free electrons.” Unlike most other forms of matter, metallic bonding is unique because the electrons are not bound to a particular atom. This allows the delocalized electrons to flow in response to a potential difference.