Table of Contents
Why are Lyophilic colloids stable?
Lyophilic sols are relatively stable as strong forces of interaction exist between colloidal particles and liquid. lyophobic sols are less stable as weak forces of interaction exist between colloidal particles and liquid.
Is a colloid stable?
This is due to the fact that most colloids are thermodynamically unstable, and their dispersed phase particles tend to aggregate. The stability of colloidal solutions varies in a very wide range: their life lasts from fractions of a second to hundreds of years.
Is colloid stable or unstable?
Colloidal dispersion is an inherently thermodynamically unstable system because it tends to minimize surface energy. Hence, the stability of a colloidal system is inevitably linked to a notion of time, defined by process, use and/or application involved.
How are Lyophilic colloids stabilized?
They are stabilized by charge acquired by preferential adsorption of ions. If water is the dispersing medium, they are known as hydrophobic colloids. Lyophilic colloids are highly solvated as well as charged. The large surface of a lyophobic colloid preferentially adsorbs ions.
Which colloid has more stability?
Also in lyophobic sols, the dispersed phase shows no attraction for the solvent or the medium. And as we know, solvation is the most important property for the colloidal particles. Lyophobic sols are more stable because the colloidal particles are more solvated.
Is gum a colloid?
Gum is the colloid in which the dispersed phase is solid gum and the dispersion phase is liquid water. The gum can be separated from the water and can be remixed, so the gum is a lyophilic colloid.
Is air a colloid?
Yes, the air is a colloid since it contains dust particles and water vapour.
How can you increase the stability of a colloid?
Stability improvement can be achieved through either increasing repulsion or decreasing attraction between colloidal particles. Two traditional mechanisms for colloidal stability are electrostatic stabilization and steric stabilization.
Why colloid is thermodynamically unstable?
Colloidal dispersions are thermodynamically unstable owing to their high surface free energy and are irreversible systems in the sense that they are not easily reconstituted after phase separation.
Which type of colloids are more stable?
What makes a colloid stable?
A colloid is stable if the interaction energy due to attractive forces between the colloidal particles is less than kT, where k is the Boltzmann constant and T is the absolute temperature.
Is milk lyophobic colloid?
Milk is the colloid in which solid oil globules remain suspended in a water-based liquid system. We can separate the components of the milk, so milk is a lyophilic colloid.
Which is more stable lyophobic or lyophilic colloids?
Why lyophilic colloids are more stable than lyophobic colloids? Lyophilic sols are more stable than lyophobic sols. This is due to the fact that lyophilic colloids are extensively solvated, i.e. colloidal particles are covered by a sheath of the liquid in which they are dispersed.
What happens when stability of a lyophilic Sol is lost?
The loss of the stability of a lyophilic sol (equivalent to a decrease in the solubility of the lyophilic colloid) quite often results in a separation of the system into two liquid phases. The separation into two liquid phases in colloidal systems is called coacervation. It occurs also, though rarely, in hydrophobic sols.
How are stability and stability used in colloidal science?
The terms stable and stability are used in rather special and often different senses in colloid science: the relationship between these usages and the formal thermodynamic usage is outlined below.
What happens when hydrophilic colloid is added to a hydrophobic Sol?
Addition of small amounts of a hydrophilic colloid to a hydrophobic sol may make the latter more sensitive to flocculation by electrolyte. This phenomenon is called sensitization. Higher concentrations of the same hydrophilic colloid usually protect the hydrophobic sol from flocculation. This phenomenon is called protective action.