Menu Close

Who was Oliver Kelley and what did he do?

Who was Oliver Kelley and what did he do?

Oliver Hudson Kelley Born in Boston in 1826. He was the son of a tailor who learned how to farm by reading books and articles. A talented organizer, he co-founded the National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry as a social and advocacy group for farmers. He died in 1913, shortly after his 87th birthday.

What does Oliver Hudson Kelley mean?

Oliver Hudson Kelley (January 7, 1826 – January 20, 1913) is one of the key founders of the National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry, a fraternal organization in the United States.

Why did Oliver H Kelley create the Grange?

Oliver Kelley was an active leader in local agricultural circles who was dedicated to the idea that the area’s farmers benefited from each others’ experiences. He wanted to create an organization that would advocate for and educate farmers and their families, enrich their social lives, and share information.

What is known as the Grange?

The Grange, also known as the Patrons of Husbandry, was organized in 1867 to assist farmers with purchasing machinery, building grain elevators, lobbying for government regulation of railroad shipping fees and providing a support network for farm families.

What Oliver Kelley found?

Former Minnesota farmer Oliver Hudson Kelley founds the Grange, which became a powerful political force among western farmers. Though he grew up in Boston, Kelley decided in his early twenties that he wanted to become a farmer. In 1849, he booked passage on a steamboat for St.

What types of problems did farmers face in the late 1800s?

Farmers were facing many problems in the late 1800s. These problems included overproduction, low crop prices, high interest rates, high transportation costs, and growing debt.

Why is it called the Grange?

The Grange came into being in 1867 because of the vision of Oliver Hudson Kelley, a Minnesota farmer and activist. He had long held that farmers, because of their independent and scattered nature, needed a national organization to represent them like unions were beginning to do for industrial workers.

What kinds of problems did farmers face?

Indeed, at the close of the century of greatest agricultural expansion, the dilemma of the farmer had become a major problem. Several basic factors were involved-soil exhaustion, the vagaries of nature, overproduction of staple crops, decline in self-sufficiency, and lack of adequate legislative protection and aid.

What kinds of problems did farmers face quizlet?

Terms in this set (4)

  • Overproduction. During the war farmers sold many goods.
  • Tariffs. The USA put tariffs of foreign goods.
  • Borrowing Money. Farmers borrowed money to produce goods.
  • Farm Workers. They lost their jobs or had to become sharecroppers where they were dependant on selling goods themselves.

On January 7, 1826, Oliver Hudson Kelley was born in Boston, the fifth child of a tailor. He would significantly impact Minnesota, national, and agricultural history. At 21, Kelley left New England and ventured west.

Where was Oliver Hudson Kelley born and raised?

Oliver Hudson Kelley was born and educated in Boston. He went west to Illinois for awhile, then to Minnesota in 1849, where he became a farmer and Indian trader. Kelley’s wife died in 1851, and the following year he married a schoolteacher who also had come west from Boston.

What kind of crops did Oliver Kelley grow?

Over the years, he tried his hand at growing a wide range of crops, from asparagus to melons. He was reported to be the first farmer in Minnesota to own a mechanical reaper and the first to sow timothy hay. Kelley installed an elaborate irrigation system and experimented with a variety of livestock.

Why was Oliver Hudson Kelley important to the Grange?

Oliver Hudson Kelley. Kelley emphasized the fraternal, social, psychological, and educational goals of the Grange, but it was later apparent that he had hoped to establish national solidarity among the farmers, thereby minimizing the sectional hatred that had been engendered by the Civil War.