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When does TOF require surgery?

When does TOF require surgery?

This is generally done during the first year of life, though occasionally it can be done at an older age. The goal of this surgery is to eliminate the shunting of blood across the ventricles and relieve the narrowing of the pulmonary valve to improve the blood flow to the lungs.

When do you repair tetralogy of Fallot?

Tetralogy of Fallot must be repaired with open-heart surgery, either soon after birth or later in infancy. The goal of surgery is to repair the four defects of tetralogy of Fallot so the heart can work as normally as possible. Repairing the defects can greatly improve a child’s health and quality of life.

When is the best time for corrective surgery in patients with tetralogy of Fallot between 0 and 12 months of age?

demonstrated that the best age for surgical correction of TF is between 3 and 6 months and Kantorova et al. [ 31. Primary early correction of tetralogy of Fallot irrespective of age.

What is the surgery for tetralogy of Fallot?

Surgery for tetralogy of Fallot involves open-heart surgery to correct the defects (intracardiac repair) or a temporary procedure that uses a shunt. Most babies and older children have intracardiac repair.

How long do tetralogy of Fallot patients live?

Conclusions: The vast majority of the patients seemed to live normal lives 20–37 years after Tetralogy of Fallot repair. Late deaths were cardiac in origin, including sudden death from arrhythmias.

Is TOF curable?

Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is a congenital heart defect that can be fatal if it’s left untreated. It’s also known as “tet.” The “tetra” in the name of the condition comes from the four problems associated with it.

Is TOF hereditary?

For the majority of individuals with tetralogy of Fallot, there has been no identified genetic cause. Some individuals may have other birth defects and/or health issues, in addition to TOF, that may be part of a genetic syndrome.

Can TOF be cured?

Most children with tetralogy of Fallot will need surgery to fix the heart problems, and the surgery is usually performed before a baby is 1 year old. Tetralogy of Fallot can cause problems if the heart is not fixed, however, corrective surgery performed in childhood for tetralogy of Fallot does not cure the condition.

Is TOF serious?

If TOF is left untreated, it can cause problems with heart rhythms, developmental delays, and seizures. If the condition is never fixed, which is rare, it typically causes death by the age of 20 years old. Usually, a doctor will notice the condition early on and perform surgery to correct the problem.

Is TOF life threatening?

These defects are known as congenital heart defects. Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is a congenital heart defect that can be fatal if it’s left untreated.

How long do TOF patients live?

What do you need to know about tetralogy of Fallot?

Tetralogy (teh-TRAL-o-je) of Fallot (fah-LO) is a congenital heart defect. A congenital heart defect is a problem with the heart’s structure that’s present at birth. This type of heart defect changes the normal flow of blood through the heart. Tetralogy of Fallot is a rare, complex heart defect that occurs in about 5 out of every 10,000 babies.

What kind of Doctor do you see after Fallot surgery?

After surgery you or your child will need lifelong care with a cardiologist trained in treating congenital heart disease (adult congenital cardiologist or pediatric cardiologist), including routine follow-up appointments to make sure that the initial operation or procedure was successful and to monitor for any new complications.

Why do babies with Tetralogy of Fallot have blue skin?

Infants with tetralogy of Fallot can have a bluish-looking skin color―called cyanosis―because their blood doesn’t carry enough oxygen. At birth, infants might not have blue-looking skin, but later might develop sudden episodes of bluish skin during crying or feeding.

How does a cardiologist diagnose a baby with Fallot?

Your or your baby’s cardiologist will conduct a physical examination and use several tests to confirm the diagnosis. Echocardiography. Echocardiograms use high-pitched sound waves to produce an image of the heart. Sound waves bounce off the heart and produce moving images that can be viewed on a video screen.