Table of Contents
- 1 What was the problem with the Western lands?
- 2 What were the Western territories intended to do for the United States?
- 3 What states gave up their western lands?
- 4 How did the US acquire land in the West?
- 5 What were three weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation STAR The biggest weakness?
- 6 What were three weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation?
- 7 What was the issue of the westward expansion?
- 8 Why did the landless states want the western lands?
What was the problem with the Western lands?
The primary sticking point concerned disagreements about how to deal with the western lands claimed by several states. The states without such claims argued that the western lands should be owned by the national government. The states with land claims were reluctant to give up their claims.
What were the Western territories intended to do for the United States?
Under the Treaty of Paris (1783) which ended the Revolutionary War, Britain relinquished to the United States a large tract of land west of the Appalachian mountains, doubling the size of the new nation.
How did Congress settle the disagreements about the Western lands?
The Continental Congress created the Articles of Confederation through making peace and the treaty. They also settled the western lands by the Land Ordinance of 1785 and the Northwest Ordinance of 1787.
What major problems did America face during the Confederation period?
One of the biggest problems was that the national government had no power to impose taxes. To avoid any perception of “taxation without representation,” the Articles of Confederation allowed only state governments to levy taxes. To pay for its expenses, the national government had to request money from the states.
What states gave up their western lands?
Georgia. Georgia, possessor of the weakest claim to western lands, held out the longest. The area that later became Alabama and Mississippi were given up in 1802, which completed the process of surrender.
How did the US acquire land in the West?
In the 1800s many Americans looked toward the Pacific world rather than the Atlantic. In 1846 the country declared war with Mexico to acquire western land. Declaring victory in 1848, the United States gained territory from Kansas to California. Further incursions pushed Native peoples to reservations.
How long did it take the articles to be approved?
The Articles were signed by Congress and sent to the individual states for ratification on November 15, 1777, after 16 months of debate. Bickering over land claims between Virginia and Maryland delayed final ratification for almost four more years.
What required 60000 white male residents?
In 1784, Thomas Jefferson first proposed a method of incorporating these western territories into the United States. When 60,000 settlers resided in a territory, they could draft a constitution and petition for full statehood.
What were three weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation STAR The biggest weakness?
Congress was unable to regulate interstate and foreign commerce; some states refused to pay for goods they purchased from abroad. Congress was unable to impose taxes; it could only borrow money on credit. No national court system was established to protect the rights of U.S. citizens.
What were three weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation?
Weaknesses include: no power to levy or collect taxes; no power to regulate trade; no power to enforce laws; laws needed approval of 9 states; amendments required all states to agree; no executive branch or national court system.
What were the 8 weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation?
Terms in this set (8)
- No chief executive (president)
- Laws needed approval by nine of the thirteen states.
- Congress did not have the power to draft an army.
- Congress could not tax citizens directly.
- No national court system (no Supreme Court)
- Any amendments to the Articles of Confederation must be approved by all 13 states.
What was the biggest weakness of this government?
The major downfall of the Articles of Confederation was simply weakness. The federal government, under the Articles, was too weak to enforce their laws and therefore had no power. The Continental Congress had borrowed money to fight the Revolutionary War and could not repay their debts.
What was the issue of the westward expansion?
Politicians were forced to deal with the issue of slavery and its westward expansion as early as the Missouri Compromise of 1820. The States had previously maintained a shaky balance in the Senate with an equal number of representatives from both Slave and Free States.
Why did the landless states want the western lands?
It was assumed that the future sale of western lands would enrich the landed states and possibly allow them to operate without any form of taxation. The landless states feared that they would lose residents and dwindle into insignificance. The claims to the western lands were usually rooted in the vague wording of old colonial charters.
What did Congress do about the western land claims?
Western Land Claims. The ceding of western lands by the states was accompanied by a series of laws passed by the Articles Congress to organize the areas and prepare them for statehood. These measures included the Ordinance of 1784, the Ordinance of 1785, and the Great Northwest Ordinance in 1787.
Who was the congressman who complained about the western territories?
Congressman David Howell of Rhode Island complained that America’s new western territories were “the most complicated and embarrassing Subject before Congress since peace has taken place.”