# What type of energy is produced in the water when it is released from the dam?

## What type of energy is produced in the water when it is released from the dam?

Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric energy, also called hydroelectric power or hydroelectricity, is a form of energy that harnesses the power of water in motion—such as water flowing over a waterfall—to generate electricity.

## Is water flowing over a dam potential or kinetic energy?

The water in a reservoir behind a hydropower dam is another example of potential energy. The stored energy in the reservoir is converted into kinetic energy (motion) as the water flows down a large pipe called a penstock and spins a turbine.

How is the potential energy released to become kinetic energy?

Kinetic energy is created when potential energy is released, spurred into motion by gravity or elastic forces, among other catalysts. Kinetic energy is the energy of motion. When work is done on an object and it accelerates, it increases the kinetic energy of an object.

### What happens to the kinetic and potential energy of water as it falls down a slope?

As an object falls, or moves down an incline, its potential energy is converted into kinetic energy. So, a falling object (or one rolling or sliding down a hill) loses its potential energy as it increases its kinetic energy. The force of the kinetic energy is dependent on the height and mass of the falling water.

### How does an impoundment generate electricity?

An impoundment facility, typically a large hydropower system, uses a dam to store river water in a reservoir. Water released from the reservoir flows through a turbine, spinning it, which in turn activates a generator to produce electricity.

What is the potential energy at the highest point?

At an object’s maximum height, kinetic energy is zero/ maximum while the potential energy is zero/ maximum.

#### What kind of energy does a hydroelectric dam use?

A hydroelectric dam converts the potential energy stored in a water reservoir behind a dam to mechanical energy—mechanical energy is also known as kinetic energy. As the water flows down through the dam its kinetic energy is used to turn a turbine.

#### How is potential energy converted into kinetic energy?

The potential energy is converted into kinetic energy as water flows downhill. The water can be used to turn the blades of a turbine to generate electricity, which is distributed to the power plant’s customers. There are three different types of hydroelectric energy plants, the most common being an impoundment facility.

How is the power of water used to generate electricity?

Vocabulary. Hydroelectric energy, also called hydroelectric power or hydroelectricity, is a form of energy that harnesses the power of water in motion—such as water flowing over a waterfall—to generate electricity. People have used this force for millennia.

## Where does the word hydroelectric energy come from?

Hydroelectric energy is made by moving water. Hydro comes from the Greek word for water. Hydroelectric energy has been in use for thousands of years. Ancient Romans built turbines, which are wheels turned by flowing water.