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What is called cross pollination?

What is called cross pollination?

Allogamy is also known as cross pollination in which pollen grains are transferred from the anther to the stigma of the flower borne on a separate plant of the same species.

What is cross pollination example?

For example, a popular hobby is to cross pollinate tomato varieties to attempt to create new, better varieties. In these cases, the varieties are purposefully cross pollinated. Other times, cross pollination in plants occurs when outside influences, like the wind or bees, carry pollen from one variety to another.

What is cross pollination Class 10?

Cross-pollination : (i) Cross-pollination is the transfer of pollen grains from anther to stigma in another flower. (ii) It occurs between two flowers which are on different plants but are of the same. (iii) It occurs between flowers which are genetically different.

What is cross pollination Class 7?

Pollination by an insect. If the pollens are transferred to the stigma of the same flower it is called self pollination. If the pollens are transferred to the different flowers of the same plant or flowers of a different plant of the same kind it is called cross pollination.

What are 3 types of pollination?


  • Zoophilous flowers– In this type of pollination, the pollinating agents are animals like human beings, bats, birds etc.
  • Anemophilous flowers– These flowers are pollinated by the agency of wind.
  • Entomophilic flowers– These flowers are pollinated by insects.

What are disadvantages of cross pollination?


  • There is more wastage of pollen grains.
  • Pollination may fail due to the distance barrier.
  • Cross-pollination may introduce some unwanted characters.
  • The plants do not depend on external factors or pollinating agents for pollination.

What are the 3 types of pollination?

What are the 4 steps of pollination?

Let’s break the fertilization process down into four generalized steps.

  • Step 1: Pollination. In general, male gametes are contained in pollen, which is carried by wind, water, or wildlife (both insects and animals) to reach female gametes.
  • Step 2: Germination.
  • Step 3: Penetration of the Ovule.
  • Step 4: Fertilization.

What is cross pollination with diagram?

Cross pollination is a natural method in which transfer of pollen takes place from an anther of a flower of one plant to a stigma of a flower of another plant of the same species. For example, emasculation (removing the male parts- the anthers).

Why is self-pollination bad?

The 3 disadvantages of self-pollination are as follows: May lead to the weakening of variety or the species due to continued self-pollination, thereby affecting the quality of offspring. Defective or weaker characters of the variety or breed cannot be eliminated.

What is a benefit of cross pollination?

Advantages of cross-pollination: – Genetics recombination- as the pollination occurs between flowers of two different plants this results in the origin of new varieties. It helps in evolution. -The offspring produced through cross-pollination is healthy, viable, and stronger (resistant) due to hybrid vigour.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of cross pollination?

Advantages and Disadvantages. Cross pollination is advantageous because it allows for diversity in the species, as the genetic information of different plants are combined. However, it relies on the existence of pollinators that will travel from plant to plant. Self pollination leads to more uniform progeny, meaning that the species is,…

What do you need to know about cross pollination?

Cross pollination is when one plant pollinates a plant of another variety . The two plants’ genetic material combines and the resulting seeds from that pollination will have characteristics of both varieties and is a new variety. Sometimes cross pollinating is used intentionally in the garden to create new varieties.

What are the plants that undergo cross pollination?

There are various types of cross-pollination and the agents are discussed below: Anemophily: When pollination is brought upon by wind, it is called anemophily and the flowers are called anemophilous, e.g. paddy, wheat, maize, grasses. Hydrophily When the cross-pollination in a flower takes place with the help of water, it is called hydrophilous and the phenomenon is termed as hydrophily. Zoophily

How does cross pollination happen naturally?

Pollination is the process by which the egg, or ovule, of a flower is fertilized by sperm, or pollen. Often, pollination is facilitated through natural means such as wind, rain, animals and bees, but some species of flower may also self-pollinate. Cross-pollination occurs when one type of flower pollinates another type , resulting in a hybrid plant.