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What impact did British Colonisation have on Australia?

What impact did British Colonisation have on Australia?

The most immediate consequence of colonisation was a wave of epidemic diseases including smallpox, measles and influenza, which spread ahead of the frontier and annihilated many Indigenous communities.

What impact did the Colonisation have on Australia?

Colonisation has resulted in inequity, racism and the disruption of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures. In fact, it has been the most detrimental of the determinants of health that continues to significantly influence Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health outcomes today.

Did the British settle or invade Australia?

On January 26, 1788, Captain Arthur Phillip guides a fleet of 11 British ships carrying convicts to the colony of New South Wales, effectively founding Australia.

Why did Britain settle in Australia?

The reasons that led the British to invade Australia were simple. The prisons in Britain had become unbearably overcrowded, a situation worsened by the refusal of America to take any more convicts after the American War of Independence in 1783.

Why was Australia used as a settlement?

Australia, once known as New South Wales, was originally planned as a penal colony. In October 1786, the British government appointed Arthur Phillip captain of the HMS Sirius, and commissioned him to establish an agricultural work camp there for British convicts.

Who found Australia first?

explorer Willem Janszoon
While Indigenous Australians have inhabited the continent for tens of thousands of years, and traded with nearby islanders, the first documented landing on Australia by a European was in 1606. The Dutch explorer Willem Janszoon landed on the western side of Cape York Peninsula and charted about 300 km of coastline.

How many full blooded Aboriginal are there?

Indigenous Australians

New South Wales 265,685 (3.55%)
Queensland 221,276 (4.57%)
Western Australia 100,512 (3.93%)
Northern Territory 74,546 (30.34%)
Victoria 57,767 (0.94%)

What race are Australian Aboriginal?

Genetics. Studies regarding the genetic makeup of Aboriginal Australian people are still ongoing, but evidence has suggested that they have genetic inheritance from ancient Eurasian but not more modern peoples, share some similarities with Papuans, but have been isolated from Southeast Asia for a very long time.

Why did the British use Australia as a prison colony?

One of the main reasons for the British government to establish the colonization in Australia was caused by the need to the government to reduce the overcrowding convicts in the prison system in Britain. The people believe that there were other reasons for transporting the convicts to Australia.

Why did the British decide to settle in Australia?

The main reason for a British settlement in Australia was to provide a place of punishment where convicts could be sent.

Why did Britain want Australia in its empire?

The first reason why Britain wanted an empire is Exploration. James Cook claimed Australia in the name of the British government. This source tells us that sailors like James Cook were sent on voyages to claim land.

Why did Great Britain send convicts to Australia?

Brittan had many reasons to send convicts to Australia. Many people believe the main factor was the surplus of convicts in Brittan, but in truth the Industrial Revolution; the American War of Independence; the desire to expand the British Empire; and the Self-Sustainability of Australia were much more important in why the decision was made.