Menu Close

How does an Argand lamp work?

How does an Argand lamp work?

The Argand lamp used a cylindrical cloth wick inside a close-fitting glass chimney, so that air flowed up both inside and outside the wick. It required a thick oil for fuel, such as whale oil or rapeseed oil, which had to be gravity-fed from a container higher than the wick.

When was the Argand lamp invented?

Argand burner, first scientifically constructed oil lamp, patented in 1784 in England by a Swiss, Aimé Argand. The first basic change in lamps in thousands of years, it applied a principle that was later adapted to gas burners.

Who invented Argand lamp?

Ami Argand
Argand lamp/Inventors

The argand burner was first patented in 1780 by Aime Argand, a Swiss physicist and chemist. The argand burner allowed for an output that was six to ten candela — brighter than that of earlier oil lamps.

What is an Argent lamp?

Argent designed by Dodo Arslan for Terzani is a suspension lamp available in different types. Argent consists of metal discs that have been meticulously joined by hand by skilled craftsmen into clusters. Once lit, the multiple, angled surfaces of the discs emanate a soft, shimmering, white glow.

What is the cleanest burning lamp oil?

The cleanest burning fuel is olive oil, the fuel that Aaron was directed to use for temple light in the book of Exodus. Olive oil is more than 99% pure. If the wick is properly trimmed and there is no draft, it should not smoke. Olive oil is a clean renewable fuel that does not produce smoke or odor.

Why does my oil lamp smoke?

Why does my lamp smoke? Often an olive oil lamp will smoke because the wick needs trimmed. It may also smoke if it has burned all of the oil that it can draw up to the burning height of the wick, and it will then begin to burn the wick instead of the oil.

When did oil lamps stop being used?

Oil lamps are a form of lighting, and were used as an alternative to candles before the use of electric lights. Starting in 1780, the Argand lamp quickly replaced other oil lamps still in their basic ancient form. These in turn were replaced by the kerosene lamp in about 1850.

How does a spectral lamp work?

Spectral lamps are electric discharge lamps, using an electric charge that reacts with the gas, usually mercury or thallium vapor, in the pressurized chamber to produce light. Spectral lamps give off a very intense light and some actually generate ultraviolet (UV) radiation.

Can you burn olive oil in a lamp?

Olive oil lamps are safer than Kerosene Lamps It’s quite amazing that olive oil will burn at all. Unlike kerosene or paraffin oil, there are no fumes to burn. If the lamp is tipped, the oil will smother the flame in an olive oil lamp. Whereas kerosene and lamp, the oil will ignite and spread the flame.

What oil is traditionally used in oil lamps?

The oil burned in all of these lamps is traditionally olive oil.

What is the best oil to burn in an oil lamp?

olive oil
Butter, tallow or fish oil can be burned for a smoky light. Sesame oil and peanut oil are popular oils for burning, but the cleanest burning oil is olive oil. We do not recommend burning olive oil in a conventional kerosene lamp or lantern; but you can make or retrofit an olive oil lamp of your own!

Why is my oil lamp burning so fast?

The oil burns at a temperature too high, caused by an oil with an inappropriate flame point. A hotter flame needs more oxygen and more fuel. But if this exceeds the burners limits, the wick cannot transport enough oil up to the flame anymore. This causes the flame to burn the wick as a fuel instead.

Who was the inventor of the Argand lamp?

The Argand lamp is a type of oil lamp invented in 1780 by Aimé Argand. Its output is 6 to 10 candelas, brighter than that of earlier lamps. Its more complete combustion of the candle wick and oil than in other lamps required much less frequent trimming of the wick. In France, the lamp is called “Quinquet”,…

What kind of oil does an Argand lamp use?

An Argand lamp used whale oil, seal oil, colza, olive oil or other vegetable oil as fuel which was supplied by a gravity feed from a reservoir mounted above the burner.

What was the Argand burner made out of?

The Argand burner consisted of a cylindrical wick housed between two concentric metal tubes. The inner tube provided a passage through which air rose into the centre to support combustion on the inner surface of the cylindrical flame in addition to that on the outer surface.

How did Robert Argand invent the smokeless flame?

Argand developed this idea. His wick would consist of a flat ribbon, shaped like a cylinder sitting in a reservoir of oil, with two concentric metal tubes inside and outside. Once lit, air was drawn up by convection on both sides the wick resulting in a truly brilliant, smokeless flame.