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Who was put on trial at the Nuremberg trials and what happened to them?

Who was put on trial at the Nuremberg trials and what happened to them?

It imposes the death sentence on 12 defendants (Göring, Ribbentrop, Keitel, Kaltenbrunner, Rosenberg, Frank, Frick, Streicher, Sauckel, Jodl, Seyss-Inquart, and Bormann). Three are sentenced to life imprisonment (Hess, economics minister Walther Funk, and Raeder).

Who were tried at the Nuremberg trials?

Defendants in the First Nuremberg Trial

Martin Bormann (tried in absentia) Head of the Nazi Party Chancellery and Hitler’s private secretary
Fritz Sauckel Plenipotentiary [Ambassador] for Labor Allocation
Hjalmar Schacht Minister of Economics and President of the Reichsbank (1933–1939)

Who was the jury at the Nuremberg trials?

Rather than use a single judge and jury, the trial of high-ranking Nazi leaders was conducted by a panel of four judges. The United States, Soviet Union, France and Great Britain each supplied a main judge and an alternate, and Britain’s Lord Justice Geoffrey Lawrence presided.

What was a significant result of the Nuremberg trials?

The trials uncovered the German leadership that supported the Nazi dictatorship. Of the 177 defendants, 24 were sentenced to death, 20 to lifelong imprisonment, and 98 other prison sentences. Twenty five defendants were found not guilty. Many of the prisoners were released early in the 1950s as a result of pardons.

What were the effects of the Nuremberg trials?

The Nuremberg trials established that all of humanity would be guarded by an international legal shield and that even a Head of State would be held criminally responsible and punished for aggression and Crimes Against Humanity.

What was the main message of the Nuremberg trials?

Held for the purpose of bringing Nazi war criminals to justice, the Nuremberg trials were a series of 13 trials carried out in Nuremberg, Germany, between 1945 and 1949.

How many people tried at Nuremberg trials?

In all, 199 defendants were tried, 161 were convicted, and 37 were sentenced to death.

What were the outcomes of the Nuremberg trials?

Why was the Nuremberg trials so important?

The first international war crimes tribunal in history revealed the true extent of German atrocities and held some of the most prominent Nazis accountable for their crimes. It charged them with war crimes, crimes against peace, crimes against humanity, and conspiracy to commit these crimes.

What was the legal basis for the Nuremberg trials?

The legal basis for the trial was established by the London Charter, which was agreed upon by the four so-called Great Powers on 8 August 1945, and which restricted the trial to “punishment of the major war criminals of the European Axis countries”.

Who did the Soviet Union signed a nonaggression pact with in 1939?

On August 23, 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union sign a non-aggression pact, stunning the world, given their diametrically opposed ideologies.

What was the main purpose of the Nuremberg trials?

How many defendants in Nuremberg Trials?

The Nuremberg process initiated 3,887 cases of which about 3,400 were dropped. 489 cases went to trial, involving 1,672 defendants. 1,416 of them were found guilty; less than 200 were executed, and another 279 defendants were sent to life in prison.

What were the charges of the Nuremberg Trials?

The Nuremberg Trials tried defendants on four separate counts. These being: conspiracy, crimes against peace, war crimes, and crimes against humanity. The conspiracy charge was pretty ridiculous, given the gravity of the other three charges, and the inability to really prove conspiracy beyond any reasonable doubt.

Who was tried at Nuremberg?

The first attempt to punish the perpetrators was conducted by the International Military Tribunal (IMT) in the German city of Nuremberg, beginning on November 20, 1945. On trial were 24 of Nazi Germany’s major war criminals, including Hermann Goering, Martin Bormann, Julius Streicher, and Albert Speer.

Who were the doctors in the Nuremberg Trials?

Nuremberg, Germany, June 16, 1947. Dr. Gerhard Rose on the first day of his testimony in his own defense during the Doctors Trial. Rose was a former medical advisor to the Luftwaffe medical service. Nazi physician Carl Clauberg (at left), who performed medical experiments on prisoners in Block 10 of the Auschwitz camp.