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How far do pipe bombs reach?

How far do pipe bombs reach?

For a pipe bomb, the US Department of Homeland Security recommends a minimum of 21 m (69 ft), and preferred distance of 366 m (1,201 ft).

What is the blast safety distance outside for a car bomb?

EXPLOSIVES DHS/FBI BOMB THREAT STAND-OFF CARD

THREAT EXPLOSIVES CAPACITY PREFERRED EVACUATION DISTANCE
PIPE BOMB 5 LBS +1,200 FT
SUICIDE BOMB 20 LBS +1,700 FT
BRIEFCASE 50 LBS +1,850 FT
CAR 500 LBS +1,900 FT

What is the minimum safe distance for a compact sedan vehicle with 500 lbs of explosive?

High Explosives (TNT Equivalent)

Threat Description Explosives Mass1 (TNT Equivalent) Building Evacuation Distance2
Pipe Bomb 5 lbs. 2.3 kg. 70 ft. 21 m.
Compact Sedan 500 lbs. 227 kg. 320 ft. 98 m.
Sedan 1,000 lbs. 454 kg. 400 ft. 122 m.
Passenger or Cargo Van 4,000 lbs. 1,814 kg. 640 ft. 195 m.

What is the K factor in blasting?

K-factor – A scaling factor correlating the distance (D) and Net Explosive Weight (W) with a particular peak incident overpressure based on the Kingery-Bulmash relationship, as shown in Figure 1.

How much damage can 1 kg of TNT do?

Under controlled conditions one kilogram of TNT can destroy (or even obliterate) a small vehicle. The approximate radiant heat energy released during 3-phase, 600 V, 100 kA arcing fault in a 0.5 m × 0.5 m × 0.5 m (20 in × 20 in × 20 in) compartment within a 1-second period.

What is a pipe bomb promo?

The infamous “Pipe Bomb” in professional wrestling is in reference to a promo—some say a shoot—in which CM Punk took to the microphone and essentially broke the fourth wall in professional wrestling, attacking not only the establishment in his Pipe Bomb delivered to the WWE audience but the entirety of WWE and its …

What are the 4 components of an IED?

IEDs generally have four main components as shown in Figure 1. These components can be remembered using the acronym, PIES: a power supply, an initiator, an explosive, and a switch.

Can dynamite explode without a blasting cap?

Crystals will form on the outside of the sticks, causing them to be even more sensitive to shock, friction, and temperature. Therefore, while the risk of an explosion without the use of a blasting cap is minimal for fresh dynamite, old dynamite is dangerous.

How much TNT is in a ton?

The tonne of TNT is a unit of energy defined by that convention to be 4.184 gigajoules, which is the approximate energy released in the detonation of a metric ton (1,000 kilograms) of TNT….

TNT equivalent
1 t in … … is equal to …
SI base units ≈ 4.184 gigajoules
CGS 109 calories

What is secondary blasting?

The reduction of oversize material by the use of explosives to the dimension required for handling, including mudcapping and blockholing.

How much is 1 kg of TNT?

Historical derivation of the value

Grams TNT Symbol Energy [Joules]
kilogram of TNT kg 4.184×106 J or 4.184 megajoules
megagram of TNT Mg 4.184×109 J or 4.184 gigajoules
gigagram of TNT Gg 4.184×1012 J or 4.184 terajoules
teragram of TNT Tg 4.184×1015 J or 4.184 petajoules

How much TNT is in a grenade?

The original Mk 2 grenade had a 3⁄8-inch (9.5 mm) threaded plug in its base, which covered the opening used to place the explosive filling, either 1.85 oz (52 g) of TNT, 2.33 oz (66 g) of Trojan explosive (a mixture of 40% nitrostarch, ammonium nitrate, and sodium nitrate), 1.85 oz (52 g) of a 50/50 amatol/nitrostarch …

What makes a fragment part of an activity?

A fragment is a modular part of an activity. It has its own lifecycle and receives its own input events. Fragments can created, added or removed while the activity is running. Consider a fragment a “sub activity” that you can reuse in different activities.

Which is the best way to switch between fragments?

Our design uses ViewPagerto switch between Fragment objects, and each Fragment is titled by one sliding tab, as shown in the code snippet. ViewPager is most often used in conjunction with Fragment, which is a convenient way to supply and manage the lifecycle of each page.

Which is the best definition of a sentence fragment?

SENTENCE FRAGMENTS. A sentence fragment is a piece of information that is punctuated as a sentence but that lacks some of the characteristics of a complete sentence. 1. Complete sentences. A sentence must contain both a subject and a verb.

Which is an example of an infinitive fragment?

Infinitive fragments start with the word to. These fragments, like –ing fragments, lack a verb because infinitive forms are not true verbs. Here are two examples: To become a famous actor.